Longevity list

Longevity lists were in the 1970s compiled by W. Rydzewski and published several times in the journal THE RING. These lists were the basis for updated lists published by Roland Staav in EURING Newsletters in 1998 and 2001. The list has successively been updated during recent years, but there are still many recoveries of old birds hidden in the archives of the ringing schemes.

Birds ringed as full-grown or adults have been included with a minimum age based on age at ringing (start of year set to 1st of July) and in those recoveries are age preceded by a >.

The plan is to include the two oldest individuals of a species in the list and the minimum age for a recovery to be included is five years. Recoveries of birds in the list where ring number and details are not included are published in atlases by those schemes.

All schemes are kindly requested to support updates of this list. New longevity records (either oldest or second oldest) should be sent to the bird ringing centre at the Swedish Museum of Natural History in Stockholm by email.

Last updated:
Lesser Whitethroat
Sylvia curruca
GB & Ireland
N 439903
>7yrs 11mths
Controlled by ringer
Sweden
BM 80678
7yrs 11mths
Controlled by ringer (nesting)
Whitethroat
Sylvia communis
Denmark
9C 12140
>8yrs 11mths
Controlled by ringer
Sweden
2KH92121
>7yrs 10mths
Found dead (window)
Garden Warbler
Sylvia borin
Germany
393985
>14yrs 2mths
Shot
Sweden
2KG93543
>10yrs 2mths
Controlled by ringer
Blackcap
Sylvia atricapilla
Czech Republic
T 274613
>13yrs 10mths
Controlled by ringer
Germany
80767537
11yrs 7mths
Killed by man
Wood Warbler
Phylloscopus sibilatrix
Germany
AL 5318
10yrs 3mths
Controlled
GB & Ireland
5N 6202
6yrs 11mths
Controlled by ringer (nesting)
Chiffchaff
Phylloscopus collybita
Hungary
T 109177
>8yrs 0mths
Controlled by ringer
GB & Ireland
5R 9768
7yrs 8mths
Found dead
Willow Warbler
Phylloscopus trochilus
GB & Ireland
9J 1321
10yrs 10mths
Controlled by ringer
Sweden
BM 27924
>8yrs 0mths
Controlled by ringer
Goldcrest
Regulus regulus
Denmark
8A 46230
5yrs 5mths
Found dead
GB & Ireland
1J 2877
5yrs 2mths
Found dead (window)
Spotted Flycatcher
Muscicapa striata
Finland
J-978561
11yrs 0mths
Killed by cat
Sweden
1087473
>8yrs 2mths
Shot
Collared Flycatcher
Ficedula albicollis
Hungary
T 06103
>9yrs 10mths
Controlled by ringer
Czech Republic
S 159940
8yrs 0mths
Controlled by ringer
Pied Flycatcher
Ficedula hypoleuca
Finland
J-574662
10yrs 11mths
Shot
GB & Ireland
H 642535
9yrs 0mths
Controlled by ringer
Bearded Tit
Panurus biarmicus
Czech Republic
M 522548
>6yrs 11mths
Controlled by ringer
GB & Ireland
E 296078
6yrs 5mths
Controlled by ringer
Long-tailed Tit
Aegithalos caudatus
Denmark
>11yrs 1mths
Denmark
9398461
>10yrs 9mths
Controlled by ringer
Marsh Tit
Parus palustris
Sweden
AC 18265
>11yrs 11mths
Killed by bird of prey
Willow Tit
Parus montanus
GB & Ireland
JE 10783
>11yrs 4mths
Controlled by ringer
Finland
X-382866
11yrs 4mths
Controlled by ringer
Siberian Tit
Parus cinctus
Finland
J-959031
9yrs 0mths
Controlled by ringer
Norway
7yrs 4mths
Crested Tit
Parus cristatus
Finland
J-951734
>11yrs 7mths
Controlled by ringer
GB & Ireland
E 443560
8yrs 6mths
Ring number read in the field
Coal Tit
Parus ater
GB & Ireland
KB 35969
>9yrs 5mths
Controlled by ringer
Blue Tit
Parus caeruleus
Czech Republic
M 752398
>11yrs 7mths
Controlled by ringer
GB & Ireland
A 691347
9yrs 9mths
Found dead
Great Tit
Parus major
Germany
9222933
>15yrs 5mths
Found dead
GB & Ireland
BB 76998
13yrs 11mths
Found dead
Nuthatch
Sitta europaea
GB & Ireland
VA 82072
>12yrs 10mths
Found dead
Denmark
>11yrs 9mths
Treecreeper
Certhia familiaris
GB & Ireland
3B 6601
8yrs 2mths
Controlled by ringer
Czech Republic
N 54258
>6yrs 9mths
Controlled by ringer
Short-toed Tree Creeper
Certhia brachydactyla
Czech Republic
U 1818
>5yrs 9mths
Controlled by ringer
Spain
551897
>5yrs 8mths
Controlled by ringer
Penduline Tit
Remiz pendulinus
Hungary
M 47228
>7yrs 0mths
Controlled by ringer
Sweden
BC 88232
6yrs 11mths
Controlled by ringer
Golden Oriole
Oriolus oriolus
GB & Ireland
RA 59406
10yrs 11mths
Controlled by ringer (nesting)
Hungary
6485
7yrs 10mths
Shot
Red-backed Shrike
Lanius collurio
Hungary
156914
10yrs 1mths
Found dead
Denmark
DKC
>8yrs 0mths
Lesser Grey Shrike
Lanius minor
Slovakia
Z 740717
6yrs 0mths
Controlled by ringer
Great Grey Shrike
Lanius excubitor
Finland
A-409668
>8yrs 2mths
Controlled by ringer
Woodchat Shrike
Lanius senator
Germany
7367101
5yrs 8mths
Found dead (train)
Jay
Garrulus glandarius
GB & Ireland
DS 22102
17yrs 0mths
Found dead
Sweden
C 37195
16yrs 11mths
Found dead (wires)
Siberian Jay
Perisoreus infaustus
Finland
A-572455
13yrs 4mths
Controlled by ringer
Sweden
5096665
>12yrs 9mths
Controlled by ringer
Magpie
Pica pica
GB & Ireland
74564
21yrs 8mths
Shot
Sweden
6089080
15yrs 2mths
Found dead
Nutcracker
Nucifraga caryocatactes
Sweden
5096906
>16yrs 1mths
Controlled by ringer
Sweden
X 6168
14yrs 4mths
Found dead
Chough
Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
GB & Ireland
EC 00074
>17yrs 5mths
Found dead
Spain
6078416
12yrs 7mths
Controlled by ringer
Alpine Chough
Pyrrhocorax graculus
Switzerland
K 4672
23yrs 4mths
Ring number read in the field
Jackdaw
Corvus monedula
Denmark
20yrs 4mths
Sweden
6109466
19yrs 11mths
Found dead
Rook
Corvus frugilegus
GB & Ireland
FV 55866
22yrs 11mths
Found dead
GB & Ireland
FS 21792
20yrs 6mths
Shot
Crow
Corvus corone
Switzerland
Z 58565
19yrs 2mths
Ring number read in the field
GB & Ireland
FS 40208
17yrs 10mths
Shot
Raven
Corvus corax
Norway
NOS
23yrs 3mths
Norway
342461
21yrs 11mths
Ring number read in the field
Starling
Sturnus vulgaris
Denmark
8552412
22yrs 11mths
Found dead
Sweden
5017647
>17yrs 0mths
Found dead
Spotless Starling
Sturnus unicolor
Spain
3173460
8yrs 6mths
Controlled by ringer
House Sparrow
Passer domesticus
Denmark
9412172
>19yrs 9mths
Found dead
Sweden
3177688
16yrs 3mths
Found dead
Spanish Sparrow
Passer hispaniolensis
Spain
2718667
7yrs 9mths
Controlled by ringer
Tree Sparrow
Passer montanus
France
417586
>13yrs 1mths
Found dead
GB & Ireland
NN 15352
10yrs 10mths
Found dead
Rock Sparrow
Petronia petronia
Spain
2752869
7yrs 0mths
Controlled by ringer
Chaffinch
Fringilla coelebs
Switzerland
E 303097
>15yrs 6mths
Controlled by ringer
The Netherlands
F 19734
>14yrs 0mths
Found dead
Brambling
Fringilla montifringilla
Sweden
2197911
>14yrs 9mths
Controlled by ringer
Switzerland
511124
12yrs 6mths
Killed by man
Serin
Serinus serinus
Czech Republic
N 13903
>13yrs 4mths
Found dead
Czech Republic
T 286084
10yrs 2mths
Controlled by ringer
Greenfinch
Carduelis chloris
Czech Republic
Z 1852
>13yrs 7mths
Controlled by ringer
GB & Ireland
P 3640
12yrs 11mths
Controlled
Goldfinch
Carduelis carduelis
Czech Republic
T 104726
14yrs 1mths
Found dead
Germany
8719527
>11yrs 9mths
Controlled by ringer

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