Longevity list

Longevity lists were in the 1970s compiled by W. Rydzewski and published several times in the journal THE RING. These lists were the basis for updated lists published by Roland Staav in EURING Newsletters in 1998 and 2001. The list has successively been updated during recent years, but there are still many recoveries of old birds hidden in the archives of the ringing schemes.

Birds ringed as full-grown or adults have been included with a minimum age based on age at ringing (start of year set to 1st of July) and in those recoveries are age preceded by a >.

The plan is to include the two oldest individuals of a species in the list and the minimum age for a recovery to be included is five years. Recoveries of birds in the list where ring number and details are not included are published in atlases by those schemes.

All schemes are kindly requested to support updates of this list. New longevity records (either oldest or second oldest) should be sent to the bird ringing centre at the Swedish Museum of Natural History in Stockholm by email.

Last updated:
Herring Gull
Larus argentatus
The Netherlands
5020154
34yrs 9mths
Accidentally trapped (e.g. fishnets)
Norway
33yrs 10mths
Yellow-legged Gull
Larus michahellis
Italy
C 27989
19yrs 2mths
Ring number read in the field
Glaucous Gull
Larus hyperboreus
Iceland
214599
18yrs 8mths
Shot
GB & Ireland
HT 06122
17yrs 10mths
Found dead
Great Black-backed Gull
Larus marinus
Finland
DT-13489
29yrs 2mths
Found dead
Finland
DT-3765
27yrs 1mths
Shot
Kittiwake
Rissa tridactyla
GB & Ireland
EC 26662
28yrs 6mths
Found dead (oiled)
Denmark
26yrs 0mths
Ivory Gull
Pagophila eburnea
Norway
5yrs 11mths
Gull-billed Tern
Gelochelidon nilotica
Denmark
15yrs 9mths
Germany
6308865
12yrs 10mths
Caspian Tern
Sterna caspia
Sweden
U 22698
30yrs 0mths
Ring number read in the field
Sweden
U 68036
27yrs 11mths
Ring number read in the field
Sandwich Tern
Sterna sandvicensis
GB & Ireland
DS 61571
30yrs 9mths
Trapped
Sweden
5047158
27yrs 0mths
Controlled by ringer
Roseate Tern
Sterna dougallii
GB & Ireland
SX 080--
23yrs 10mths
Found dead
GB & Ireland
CK 73170
21yrs 0mths
Ring number read in the field
Common Tern
Sterna hirundo
GB & Ireland
CK 39045
33yrs 0mths
Ring number read in the field
Sweden
4027650
29yrs 9mths
Found sick
Arctic Tern
Sterna paradisaea
Denmark
864637
30yrs 11mths
Found dead
Germany
7491927
30yrs 11mths
Controlled by ringer
Little Tern
Sterna albifrons
Germany
80303320
23yrs 11mths
Controlled by ringer
Denmark
23yrs 3mths
Black Tern
Chlidonias niger
Denmark
8045639
21yrs 0mths
Found dead
Sweden
3274728
11yrs 11mths
Ring number read in the field
Guillemot
Uria aalge
Sweden
962086?
42yrs 10mths
Ring number read in the field
Sweden
9632033
40yrs 0mths
Found dead
Razorbill
Alca torda
GB & Ireland
AT 73954
42yrs 0mths
Controlled by ringer
GB & Ireland
M2388
>30yrs 5mths
Found dead
Black Guillemot
Cepphus grylle
Sweden
7068685
29yrs 11mths
Controlled by ringer
Denmark
6027267
29yrs 0mths
Killed by other species of bird
Little Auk
Alle alle
Norway
7yrs 6mths
Puffin
Fratercula arctica
Norway
56705
40yrs 10mths
Killed by Raven (or Falcon)
GB & Ireland
EB 73152
34yrs 0mths
Controlled by ringer
Rock Dove
Columba livia
GB & Ireland
EK 12066
8yrs 1mths
Found dead
Stock Dove
Columba oenas
Switzerland
930722
12yrs 7mths
Killed by man
Switzerland
926424
12yrs 4mths
Shot
Wood Pigeon
Columba palumbus
GB & Ireland
FV 67324
17yrs 8mths
Controlled by ringer
GB & Ireland
339579
15yrs 11mths
Shot
Collared Dove
Streptopelia decaocto
GB & Ireland
ED 04205
>17yrs 8mths
Found dead
Sweden
6071530
14yrs 5mths
Controlled by ringer
Turtle Dove
Streptopelia turtur
The Netherlands
167353
13yrs 2mths
Shot
GB & Ireland
2073711
>12yrs 2mths
Shot
Cuckoo
Cuculus canorus
Germany
6023421
12yrs 11mths
Found dead
GB & Ireland
DA 49782
>7yrs 10mths
Controlled by ringer
Barn Owl
Tyto alba
The Netherlands
102460
>17yrs 11mths
Found dead
Scops Owl
Otus scops
Hungary
372582
>6yrs 10mths
Controlled by ringer
Eagle Owl
Bubo bubo
Sweden
H 8520
27yrs 4mths
Found dead (train)
Czech Republic
A 1406
27yrs 3mths
Found dead
Hawk Owl
Surnia ulula
Norway
16yrs 2mths
Sweden
9038484
8yrs 3mths
Found dead (wires)
Pygmy Owl
Glaucidium passerinum
Germany
TA 1347
6yrs 0mths
Controlled by ringer
Finland
BV-19602
5yrs 11mths
Controlled by ringer (nesting)
Little Owl
Athene noctua
GB & Ireland
ES 03970
>11yrs 1mths
Controlled by ringer
Denmark
10yrs 2mths
Tawny Owl
Strix aluco
Czech Republic
C 17021
22yrs 5mths
Shot
Finland
D-108784
22yrs 5mths
Found dead
Ural Owl
Strix uralensis
Finland
D-47397
23yrs 10mths
Found dead
Sweden
9208989
20yrs 11mths
Controlled by ringer (nesting)
Great Grey Owl
Strix nebulosa
Sweden
9220369
15yrs 11mths
Controlled by ringer (nesting)
Sweden
9239020
15yrs 11mths
Controlled by ringer (nesting)
Long-eared Owl
Asio otus
Finland
H-7998
>17yrs 11mths
Shot
GB & Ireland
GP 73037
12yrs 10mths
Found dead
Short-eared Owl
Asio flammeus
Germany
3066160
20yrs 9mths
Found dead
GB & Ireland
AF 3938
6yrs 8mths
Shot
Tengmalm's Owl
Aegolius funereus
Finland
C-99518
15yrs 0mths
Found dead
Switzerland
P 436
12yrs 1mths
Controlled by ringer
Nightjar
Caprimulgus europaeus
GB & Ireland
XJ 86805
>11yrs 11mths
Controlled by ringer
Sweden
4172759
>7yrs 10mths
Controlled by ringer
Red-nected Nightjar
Caprimulgus ruficollis
Spain
3031673
13yrs 3mths
Controlled by ringer
Swift
Apus apus
Sweden
ZB 84?
21yrs 1mths
Found sick (cold weather)
Switzerland
605769
21yrs 0mths
Controlled by ringer
Alpine Swift
Apus melba
Switzerland
900438
26yrs 0mths
Found sick (cold weather)
Kingfisher
Alcedo atthis
Belgium
N 18630
21yrs 0mths
Controlled by ringer
Czech Republic
R 101728
>6yrs 0mths
Controlled by ringer
Bee-eater
Merops apiaster
Germany
NA 15042
>5yrs 11mths
Controlled by ringer
Roller
Coracias garrulus
Poland
E 30905
9yrs 2mths
Shot
Hungary
310748
6yrs 11mths
Controlled by ringer (nesting)
Wryneck
Jynx torquilla
Czech Republic
Z 735064
>6yrs 10mths
Controlled by ringer
Finland
P-245673
6yrs 2mths
Shot
Grey-headed Woodpecker
Picus canus
Hungary
672050
>7yrs 8mths
Found dead
Germany
5021520
5yrs 5mths
Found dead
Green Woodpecker
Picus viridis
GB & Ireland
DS 73653
15yrs 1mths
Found dead (road casualty)
Czech Republic
H 37162
12yrs 10mths
Controlled by ringer
Black Woodpecker
Dryocopus martius
Finland
S-95923
14yrs 0mths
Identified by other marks in the field
Denmark
>13yrs 7mths
Great Spotted Woodpecker
Dendrocopos major
Sweden
4330049
>12yrs 8mths
Controlled by ringer
GB & Ireland
CV 01295
>11yrs 10mths
Controlled by ringer (nesting)
Syrian Woodpecker
Dendrocopos syriacus
Hungary
223005
>10yrs 11mths
Controlled by ringer
Hungary
1003948
>6yrs 0mths
Found dead

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